The midrashic unit consists of the quotation of a biblical verse followed by its rabbinic interpretation or comment, which may consist of a short sentence only or be expanded, including various types of narratives, lists, or discussions.

Catherine Hezser, “Form-Criticism of Rabbinic Literature”, in The New Testament and Rabbinic Literature, eds. Reimund Bieringer, Florentino García Martinez, Dider Pollefeyt and Peter J. Tomson (Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2010), 103.